Windows 2000中的通用SID列表 
 

SID: S-1-0
Name: Null Authority
Description: An identifier authority.

SID: S-1-0-0
Name: Nobody
Description: No security principal.


SID: S-1-1
Name: World Authority
Description: An identifier authority.


SID: S-1-1-0
Name: Everyone
Description: A group that includes all users, even anonymous users and guests. Membership is controlled by the operating system.


SID: S-1-2
Name: Local Authority
Description: An identifier authority.


SID: S-1-3
Name: Creator Authority
Description: An identifier authority.


SID: S-1-3-0
Name: Creator Owner
Description: A placeholder in an inheritable access control entry (ACE). When the ACE is inherited, the system replaces this SID with the SID 
for the object's creator.


SID: S-1-3-1
Name: Creator Group
Description: A placeholder in an inheritable ACE. When the ACE is inherited, the system replaces this SID with the SID for the primary group 
of the object's creator. The primary group is used only by the POSIX subsystem.


SID: S-1-3-2
Name: Creator Owner Server
Description: This SID is not used in Windows 2000.


SID: S-1-3-3
Name: Creator Group Server
Description: This SID is not used in Windows 2000.


SID: S-1-4
Name: Non-unique Authority
Description: An identifier authority.


SID: S-1-5
Name: NT Authority
Description: An identifier authority.


SID: S-1-5-1
Name: Dialup
Description: A group that includes all users that have logged on through a dial-up connection. Membership is controlled by the operating 
system.


SID: S-1-5-2
Name: Network
Description: A group that includes all users that have logged on through a network connection. Membership is controlled by the operating 
system.


SID: S-1-5-3
Name: Batch
Description: A group that includes all users that have logged on through a batch queue facility. Membership is controlled by the operating 
system.


SID: S-1-5-4
Name: Interactive
Description: A group that includes all users that have logged on interactively. Membership is controlled by the operating system.


SID: S-1-5-5-X-Y
Name: Logon Session
Description: A logon session. The X and Y values for these SIDs are different for each session.


SID: S-1-5-6
Name: Service
Description: A group that includes all security principals that have logged on as a service. Membership is controlled by the operating system.


SID: S-1-5-7
Name: Anonymous
Description: A group that includes all users that have logged on anonymously. Membership is controlled by the operating system.


SID: S-1-5-8
Name: Proxy
Description: This SID is not used in Windows 2000.


SID: S-1-5-9
Name: Enterprise Controllers
Description: A group that includes all domain controllers in a forest that uses an Active Directory directory service. Membership is controlled 
by the operating system.


SID: S-1-5-10
Name: Principal Self
Description: A placeholder in an inheritable ACE on an account object or group object in Active Directory. When the ACE is inherited, the 
system replaces this SID with the SID for the security principal who holds the account.


SID: S-1-5-11
Name: Authenticated Users
Description: A group that includes all users whose identities were authenticated when they logged on. Membership is controlled by the 
operating system.


SID: S-1-5-12
Name: Restricted Code
Description: This SID is reserved for future use.


SID: S-1-5-13
Name: Terminal Server Users
Description: A group that includes all users that have logged on to a Terminal Services server. Membership is controlled by the operating 
system.


SID: S-1-5-18
Name: Local System
Description: A service account that is used by the operating system.


SID: S-1-5-domain-500
Name: Administrator
Description: A user account for the system administrator. It is the only user account that is given full control over the system by default.


SID: S-1-5-domain-501
Name: Guest
Description: A user account for people who do not have individual accounts. This user account does not require a password. By default, the 
Guest account is disabled.


SID: S-1-5-domain-502
Name: KRBTGT
Description: A service account that is used by the Key Distribution Center (KDC) service.


SID: S-1-5-domain-512
Name: Domain Admins
Description: A global group whose members are authorized to administer the domain. By default, the Domain Admins group is a member of 
the Administrators group on all computers that have joined a domain, including the domain controllers. Domain Admins is the default owner 
of any object that is created by any member of the group.


SID: S-1-5-domain-513
Name: Domain Users
Description: A global group that, by default, includes all user accounts in a domain. When you create a user account in a domain, it is added to 
this group by default.


SID: S-1-5-domain-514
Name: Domain Guests
Description: A global group that, by default, has only one member, the domain's built-in Guest account.


SID: S-1-5-domain-515
Name: Domain Computers
Description: A global group that includes all clients and servers that have joined the domain.


SID: S-1-5-domain-516
Name: Domain Controllers
Description: A global group that includes all domain controllers in the domain. New domain controllers are added to this group by default.


SID: S-1-5-domain-517
Name: Cert Publishers
Description: A global group that includes all computers that are running an enterprise certificate authority. Cert Publishers are authorized to 
publish certificates for User objects in Active Directory.


SID: S-1-5-root domain-518
Name: Schema Admins
Description: A universal group in a native-mode domain; a global group in a mixed-mode domain. The group is authorized to make schema 
changes in Active Directory. By default, the only member of the group is the Administrator account for the forest root domain.


SID: S-1-5-root domain-519
Name: Enterprise Admins
Description: A universal group in a native-mode domain; a global group in a mixed-mode domain. The group is authorized to make forest-
wide changes in Active Directory, such as adding child domains. By default, the only member of the group is the Administrator account for 
the forest root domain.


SID: S-1-5-domain-520
Name: Group Policy Creator Owners
Description: A global group that is authorized to create new Group Policy objects in Active Directory. By default, the only member of the 
group is Administrator.


SID: S-1-5-domain-533
Name: RAS and IAS Servers
Description: A domain local group. By default, this group has no members. Servers in this group have Read Account Restrictions and Read 
Logon Information access to User objects in the Active Directory domain local group. By default, this group has no members. Servers in this 
group have Read Account Restrictions and Read Logon Information access to User objects in Active Directory.


SID: S-1-5-32-544
Name: Administrators
Description: A built-in group. After the initial installation of the operating system, the only member of the group is the Administrator account. 
When a computer joins a domain, the Domain Admins group is added to the Administrators group. When a server becomes a domain 
controller, the Enterprise Admins group also is added to the Administrators group.


SID: S-1-5-32-545
Name: Users
Description: A built-in group. After the initial installation of the operating system, the only member is the Authenticated Users group. When a 
computer joins a domain, the Domain Users group is added to the Users group on the computer.


SID: S-1-5-32-546
Name: Guests
Description: A built-in group. By default, the only member is the Guest account. The Guests group allows occasional or one-time users to log 
on with limited privileges to a computer's built-in Guest account.


SID: S-1-5-32-547
Name: Power Users
Description: A built-in group. By default, the group has no members. Power users can create local users and groups; modify and delete 
accounts that they have created; and remove users from the Power Users, Users, and Guests groups. Power users also can install programs; 
create, manage, and delete local printers; and create and delete file shares.


SID: S-1-5-32-548
Name: Account Operators
Description: A built-in group that exists only on domain controllers. By default, the group has no members. By default, Account Operators 
have permission to create, modify, and delete accounts for users, groups, and computers in all containers and organizational units (OUs) of 
Active Directory except the Builtin container and the Domain Controllers OU. Account Operators do not have permission to modify the 
Administrators and Domain Admins groups, nor do they have permission to modify the accounts for members of those groups.


SID: S-1-5-32-549
Name: Server Operators
Description: A built-in group that exists only on domain controllers. By default, the group has no members. Server Operators can log on to a 
server interactively; create and delete network shares; start and stop services; back up and restore files; format the hard disk of the computer; 
and shut down the computer.


SID: S-1-5-32-550
Name: Print Operators
Description: A built-in group that exists only on domain controllers. By default, the only member is the Domain Users group. Print Operators 
can manage printers and document queues.


SID: S-1-5-32-551
Name: Backup Operators
Description: A built-in group. By default, the group has no members. Backup Operators can back up and restore all files on a computer, 
regardless of the permissions that protect those files. Backup Operators also can log on to the computer and shut it down.


SID: S-1-5-32-552
Name: Replicators
Description: A built-in group that is used by the File Replication service on domain controllers. By default, the group has no members. Do not 
add users to this group. 

Q:
在一個使用win2000 的網路中有八台配置一樣的電腦, 想請教一些關於 SID 的問題:

1. 如何查看自已的 SID 是什麼?
2. 如果在原有的WIN2000 系統上, 選擇保留檔案再安裝一次WIN2000, 安裝完成後會否改變原本的SID ?
3. 如果在同一網路上有幾台電腦的SID 一樣, 會出現什麼現象?

A:
安全標識符(SID)用來識別用戶、組和電腦帳戶的不同長度的資料結構。在第一次創建該帳戶時,將給網路上的每一個帳戶發佈
一個唯一的 SID。Windows 中的內部進程將引用帳戶的 SID 而不是帳戶的用戶名或組名。

用戶帳戶通過用戶名和密碼來標識。用戶名是帳戶的文本標籤。密碼是帳戶的身份驗證字符串。雖然 Windows NT 顯示用戶名
來說明特權和權限,但帳戶的關鍵標識符是 SID(安全標識符)。SID 是創建帳戶時產生的唯一標識符。Windows NT 使用 
SID,獨立於用戶名之外來跟蹤帳戶。 

SID 有很多用途,其中最重要的是使您可輕鬆更改用戶名以及刪除帳戶,而不用擔心有人通過重新創建帳戶的方式來獲得對資
源的訪問權限。 

更改用戶名時,您告訴 Windows NT 將特定 SID 映射到這一新用戶名。刪除帳戶時,您告訴 Windows NT 該特定 SID 已不再有
效。即使以後創建具有相同用戶名的帳戶,新帳戶也不會具有相同的特權和權限。這是因為新帳戶將有一個新 SID


Q:
有沒有方法改變電腦本身的SID?
A:
網路上改變SID tools .....
or:
win2000的安裝盤裡有這個工具

sysrep
 
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